Around 11.30 AM, BCCI President Sourav Ganguly blacked out for a short while after working out in the gym at his residence in Behala in South Kolkata. He was soon rushed to the Woodlands Multi-speciality Hospital. Later, renowned Cardiologist Dr Aftab Khan addressed the media and said: “He had a mild heart attack but he is stable now after Angioplasty. He is completely conscious. He is stable and better.”
As news of his mild heart attack started pouring in – his fans and well wishers from across the world started wishing for his speedy recovery.Well known personalities started making a beeline at the hospital to stand besides his family. A medical bulletin later said that he had a ‘family history of Ischemic Heart Disease.’
So, in simple terms – what is Ischemic Heart Disease?
The term ‘Ischemic’ came from the word ‘Ischemia’, which means inadequate blood supply. It can happen in any body organ but in this case ‘inadequate blood supply’ was reported in his heart and hence doctors termed his condition as ‘Ischemic Heart Disease’. The main cause behind this condition: Significant blockages in his three arteries. Right Coronary Artery, Left Circumflex Artery and Left Anterior Descending Artery. Doctors claimed that he had 90 percent blockages in all his three arteries.
The doctors who were attending him said that he was admitted to the hospital withing the first six hours of the first symptoms, also known as the ‘golden period.’ This helped complete his Angioplasty and put the Stent to open one of the blocked arteries on time.
What is Angioplasty? In which artery it was done and why it was required in Sourav Ganguly’s case?
Angioplasty is a procedure to restore blood flow through the artery, in which doctor inserts a thin tube through a blood vessel in the arm/groin up to the artery, which needs to be opened through a tiny balloon attached to a tiny metal spring on the end of the tube. Once inserted, the doctors inflate the tube which helps the tiny metal spring to expand and opens the blocked artery. The entire process is known as Stenting. Doctors performed an Angioplasty in Right Coronary Artery and decisions to remove blockage from the other two arteries will be taken on Monday.
As per a health survey, nearly 85 percent of heart patients in South East Asia suffer from ‘Right Coronary Artery Ischemia’. So, the next question is why doctors decided to go for Angioplasty in Right Artery first and not the other two (Left Circumflex Artery and Left Anterior Descending Artery) blocked arteries.
Because ECG pointed to ‘Right Coronary Artery Blockage’ as the primary reason behind the mild heart attack – the doctors decided to cure it first by following the first stage of medical guidelines. Since, his Right Coronary Artery was cured through Stenting – his heart can work normally till doctors cure the rest of his blocked arteries. As of now there is nothing to worry.
Also, after heart attack there is risk of thrombosis (blood clots in blood vessels) and therefore it becomes difficult for the doctors to go for Stenting. But since this was done successfully, it is assumed that there is no damage to his heart walls and muscles.
Known for his fitness, one may question how can his heart arteries had blockages?
Experts say this can happen for many reasons, one could be genetical. The medical bulletin categorically mentioned that ‘he had a family history of Ischemic heart disease.’
Stress could also be another reason as Ganguly is holding a very responsible position as BCCI president.These medical terms may sound very complicated but in simple terms we can say that his condition is completely stable and there is nothing to worry for his fans and his family members. It is just a matter of a few days and Dada will be back in the field again.